OPSI COVID-19 Innovative Response Tracker

Danish COVID-19 infection tracing app (name currently undecided)

Innovative response

The Danish government is developing a COVID-19 infection tracing app based on the Google/Apple-solution and Bluetooth. The development completely follows the recommendations of the EU Commission and the Danish app strengthens the possibility for interoperability. The new app is planned to be used in the government's reopening strategy.

Key aspects:
- Create citizen awareness of number of contacts
- Establish overview of contact patterns
- Notify citizens who have been in close proximity to a person infected with Covid 19

See details and elaborated considerations below.

Specific issues addressed and anticipated impact

Denmark is developing a COVID-19 infection tracing app based on Bluetooth technology, fully in line with the EU Commissions recommendations (the published toolbox, ed. 1).

The main-purpose of the app is to strengthen the Health authorities' ongoing epidemiological surveillance of the spread of infection and thereby support decisions concerning the gradual opening of society. Through the app, citizens above the age of 15 can chose voluntarily and anonymously to notify the people they have been in close contact with up to the time of infection. The Danish infection tracking app must be a tool that can allow every citizen to be informed about the risk of infection and help reduce the spread of infection. The app, together with the test strategy, thus becomes an important element in the further reopening of society. In the case of traditional, manual infection detection, the infected person informs about the risk of infection. Here, the app can be a supplement and inform about the risk of infection to unknown contacts, which, as noted, have been close, for example in public transport. The app can also support appropriate behaviour among citizens, which can help minimise the spread of infection as society gradually reopens.

The app must provide the service in a secure manner and it must comply with data protection rules, voluntary practices and best practices for privacy by design. The Danish work is currently based on a common Apple-Google solution, which works on both types of phones. The technology does not allow central storage of data, nor that data is shared externally. Data is only used on an aggregated and pseudonymised level.

Organisations/institutions involved

Danish government (a.o. The Danish Health Authorities and The Agency for Digitisation) and the private Danish company Netcompany (developer).

Potential issues

Interoperability with other apps is very important in relation to the opening of societies - including border crossings. Denmark works with other countries and stakeholders to provide the highest possible degree of safe interoperability. The app is still being developed and the project is in dialogue with other projects and stakeholders in order to identifiy best practice.

In order to function optimally, at least 60 % of the population should download the app. Denmark is one of the most highly digitalised societies in the world and the population has a high degree of trust in our many digital services in general, but misinformation and distrust could be a challenge in relation to the app.

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Level(s) of government:
  • National/Federal government
  • Private Sector

Issues being addressed:

  • Information and practice sharing (with public and/or internal)
  • Governance responses
  • Real-time data collection, sharing, and analysis
  • Public service delivery under new circumstances

Response contact:

[email protected]