The EGTC as a tool for cross-border multi-level governance: the case of EGTC GO

The EGTC GO represents an instrument to unlock cross-border potential for innovation, competitiveness, and sustainable growth. It promotes innovation in local governance through a supra-regional method to solve cross-border challenges - administrative and legal burdens – in order to provide concrete solutions for its territory and citizens. Flagship cooperation projects on Health, Culture and Social Innovation are key examples of the innovative added-value of the EGTC GO.

Innovation Summary

Innovation Overview

The EGTC allows public entities of different EU Member States to get together under a new entity. It was launched by the EU Regulation (EC) 1082/2006 and is the first European cooperation structure with a legal personality defined by European Law designed to facilitate and promote territorial cooperation in view of strengthening the economic and social cohesion of the European territory.

The three municipalities of Gorizia, Nova Gorica and Šempeter-Vrtojba decided in 2011 to seize this opportunity and kick started an innovative structural cooperation to overcome historical frictions and to address common challenges by creating the EGTC GO.

1. EGTC GO as an instrument for innovation in cross-border governance

In the same way the EU is considered a supranational entity, the EGTC GO can be considered as a supraregional/supramunicipality entity. The EGTC GO has the ambition to become a supraregional institutional framework to implement a bottom-up, civil society and citizen-driven euroregional policy and to provide concrete solution to the daily lives of its citizens. It is a tool to boost cross-border multi-level governance, building on common structure and strategies.

In this context, the EGTC GO combines three innovative elements:
- an institutional and political framework to develop cooperation through partnerships, multi-level and bottom-up urban agendas, spatial planning and smart specialisation strategies for research and innovation.
- a cross-border public services coordinator and a potential future provider of cross-border public goods i.e. supporting cross-border public services that - according to the principle of subsidiary - are more effective if managed at a supra-municipality level.
- as an implementing body of EU Integrated Territorial Investment for the benefit of the region, that has managed to attract more than €10m of EU funds and has successfully implemented other EU and regional projects.

The EGTC GO uses cross-boundary collaboration and new methods such as collaborative thinking, agile working methods and innovative legal solutions in order to help the municipalities deliver services. Digital technologies play an important role in the collaboration and the ‘co-creation' of innovations.

A key example is the realisation of the touristic infrastructures envisaged by the EU project Isonzo- Soča. The EGTC GO will be able to decide whether to apply Slovenian or Italian legislation with the applicable law for contracts and will facilitate the project through an innovative IT system for cross-border public procurement. The municipal councils of the three municipalities approved an act by which they delegate the assembly of the EGTC GO to decide which legislation to apply. This is the first resolution adopted by all three municipal councils, which lays the foundations for a unified methodology for territorial planning in the three cities.

2. Innovation in health and social cross-border services

The EGTC GO coordinates the EU-funded project “Construction of a network of cross-border health services” that aims at improving the use and the performance of social-health services within the cross-border territory of the EGTC GO through the integration of the services and health facilities involved in the project.

The project includes the establishment of three cross-border medical teams in the field of mental health, autism and physiological pregnancy, and the creation of a single centre for the booking of social and health services shared by Italian and Slovenian health facilities. The project also includes some solutions for the inclusion of disadvantaged groups in order to integrate social assistance services.

3. Nova Gorica and Gorizia: European Capital of Culture 2025 - Co-creation to help the cultural and creative industries

Nova Gorica and Gorizia will be named the European Capital of Culture (ECoC) 2025. The city of Nova Gorica's candidacy for the ECoC 2025 was the result of its cross-border cooperation with neighbouring Gorizia. The city of Nova Gorica has announced that in 2025, it is planning more than 600 cultural events and more than 60 projects with different partners. Within the framework of the project, the city is bringing together 251 partners from Slovenia and 34 other countries, and will contribute to the development of its cultural and creative industries.

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Year: 2021
Level of government: Other

Status:

  • Developing Proposals - turning ideas into business cases that can be assessed and acted on

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